Lincoln himself had a flexible and pragmatic approach to Reconstruction, insisting only that the Southerners, when defeated, pledge future loyalty to the Union and emancipate their slaves.
Thomas Lincoln had come to Kentucky from Virginia with his father Abraham in He acquired only enough literacy to sign his name but gained modest prosperity as a carpenter and farmer on the Kentucky frontier. He married Nancy Hanks, also illiterate, in When he was two years old the family moved to another farm on Knob Creek about seven miles northeast of Hodgenville.
On this farm of acres only thirty of which were tillable Abraham lived for five years, helped his parents with chores, and learned his ABCs by attending school for a few weeks with his older sister Sarah. In December the Lincolns again moved, this time to the newly admitted state of Indiana.
The tradition that the Lincolns moved because of dislike of slavery may have some truth; they belonged to a Baptist denomination that broke from the parent church on the slavery issue.
Indiana offered secure titles surveyed under the Northwest Ordinance. The Lincolns lived in a rude, three-sided shelter on Pigeon Creek sixteen miles north of the Ohio River. There Abraham learned the use of axe and plow helping his father carve a house and farm out of the hardwood forest.
The growing youth also snatched a few more months of schooling in the typical one-room schoolhouses of the frontier. After a year of rough homemaking, Thomas Lincoln returned to Kentucky, where on 2 December he wed the widow Sarah Bush Johnston and brought her and her three children to Pigeon Creek.
His stepmother provided the teenage Abraham with more affection and guidance than his natural mother or his father ever did. With a desire for learning and ambition for self-improvement, he devoured every book he could borrow from the meager libraries of friends and neighbors.
Abraham in turn resented the requirement of law and custom that any wages he earned before he came of age—by hiring out to neighbors to split rails, for example—must be given to his father. In any event, relations between Abraham and his father grew increasingly estranged.
When Thomas lay dying in Januaryhe sent word that he wanted to say goodbye to his son. In Lincoln and a friend took a flatboat loaded with farm produce down the Ohio and Mississippi rivers to New Orleans.
He repeated the experience in These trips widened his horizons and, by tradition, shocked him with the sight of men and women being bought and sold in the slave markets of New Orleans.
Although he came of age inhe did not immediately strike out on his own. Once more his father sold the farm and set forth to greener pastures, this time in central Illinois. After helping his father clear land, Abraham hired out to split rails for other farmers, and he kept his earnings. In the summer of he settled in New Salem, a village on the Sangamon River bluff about twenty miles northwest of Springfield.
For a time he drifted from one job to another: Six feet four inches tall with a lanky, rawboned look, unruly coarse black hair, a gregarious personality, and a penchant for telling humorous stories, Lincoln made many friends.
Winning the match, Lincoln also won the loyalty of the Clary Grove boys despite his refusal to participate in their drinking and hell-raising. Lincoln volunteered for the militia and was elected captain of his company, which included the Clary Grove boys.
They saw no action, but Lincoln later recalled his election as captain as the most gratifying honor of his life.
Their story has taken on so many layers of myth and antimyth that the truth is impossible to determine. For half a century, until the s, professional historians discounted the notion of their love and engagement, but new scholarship revived the credibility of a Lincoln-Rutledge romance Walsh, The Shadows Rise.
During the New Salem years Lincoln developed new purpose and direction. The local schoolmaster, Mentor Graham, guided his study of mathematics and literature. Lincoln joined a debating society, and he acquired a lifelong love of William Shakespeare and Robert Burns. He also acquired a passion for politics and in announced his candidacy for the legislature.
Although he failed of election, he received 92 percent of the vote in the New Salem district, where he was known. When he ran again inhe campaigned throughout the county and won decisively.
In the legislature Lincoln came under the wing of John T. Stuarta Springfield lawyer and Whig minority leader in the house.
On 9 September Lincoln obtained his license. Lincoln won reelection to the legislature in, and Legislative logrolling enabled the Long Nine to get the state capital moved from Vandalia to Springfield in During the same session Lincoln and one colleague from Sangamon County entered a protest against a resolution passed overwhelmingly by the legislature that denounced antislavery societies in such a way as to imply approval of slavery.
Although ill at ease with women, Lincoln in began a half-hearted courtship of Mary Owens, whose sister lived in New Salem.Watch video · Abraham Lincoln (February 12, to April 15, ) was the 16th president of the United States and is regarded as one of America's greatest heroes due to his role as savior of the Union and emancipator of the slaves.
Watch video · Abraham Lincoln (February 12, to April 15, ) was the 16th president of the United States and is regarded as one of America's greatest heroes due .
Abraham Lincoln, sixteenth President of the United States, was born near Hodgenville, Kentucky on February 12, His family moved to Indiana when he was seven and he .
Lincoln, Abraham (12 February –15 April ), sixteenth president of the United States, was born in Hardin County, Kentucky, the son of Thomas Lincoln and Nancy Hanks, farmers.
Thomas Lincoln had come to Kentucky from Virginia with his father Abraham in Getting to Know Abraham Lincoln: A Quick-Read Biography About the Life of The United States' Sixteenth President (Quick-Read Biography Series Book 1) - Kindle edition by Cynthia A.
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