His father Robert was the younger son of a knight, which in those days meant that he had very little property. Cromwell grew up in genteel poverty; not quite a member of the nobility, yet not a commoner either. In he married Elizabeth Bourchier.
He rose from relative obscurity as an MP to become one of the most controversial figures in British history. Cromwell won the first civil war involving the whole of Britain and was the key figure in the execution of Charles I. Find out how a revolutionary who toppled a king, only to become a despot himself, paved the way for parliamentary democracy.
Cromwell was born into a fairly wealthy family of landowners in Huntingdonshire. He was the only surviving son.
His religious beliefs were shaped at school. It likely made Cromwell more anti-Catholic. He studied briefly at Cambridge University, but chose sport over his books.
Cromwell became MP for Huntington. His first term in Parliament lasted less than a year, not enough time to make an impression. When the King declared war on Scotland and was forced to recall parliament to raise taxes to pay for it, Cromwell became a leading opposition figure.
Charles I responded by entering the House of Commons with troops to arrest five rebellious MPs, but they had already fled. A radical group formed with Cromwell as one of the leaders, which responded by demanding the surrender of much royal power to Parliament.
Indignantly, Charles I refused. Britain was set on the path to civil war. Cromwell further established his military prowess at the Battle of Marston Moor, when Parliament took control of northern England for the first time.
His horsemen broke the Royalist cavalry and successfully attacked their infantry from the rear. Cromwell led from the front, even though he was injured in the neck.
Now, Cromwell epitomised their cause. Find out how the discipline of the New Model Army made it so effective. Clip from Roundhead or Cavalier: Which one are you? He introduced discipline into his troops, which allowed his officers to better control and direct their men.
For the first time, the soldiers were paid their wages on a regular basis. The result was a loyal and dedicated army. Within a year the Civil War was over and Charles I was under house arrest.Oliver Cromwell Biography Oliver Cromwell was an was an English statesman, soldier, and revolutionary.
This biography profiles his childhood, career, life, achievements and caninariojana.com: Elizabeth Bourchier. Oliver Cromwell Biography Oliver Cromwell was an was an English statesman, soldier, and revolutionary. This biography profiles his childhood, career, life, achievements and caninariojana.com Of Birth: Huntingdon, Huntingdonshire.
Thomas Cromwell, 1st Earl of Essex KG PC (/ Early life.
Thomas Cromwell was born around , in Putney, Surrey, the son of Walter Cromwell, a blacksmith, Puritan leader Oliver Cromwell was the great-grandson of Richard Cromwell, Thomas Cromwell's nephew.
Oliver Cromwell was born in He was related to Thomas Cromwell, who was responsible for the dissolution of monasteries during the reign of Henry VIII. Short Biography of Cromwell - His Career, Work and Achievements To boost up British trade, Cromwell entered into a commercial treaty with Portugal.
Thereby England got many trading. Oliver Cromwell was born in He was related to Thomas Cromwell, who was responsible for the dissolution of monasteries during the reign of Henry VIII. Oliver was educated at the Sydney College in Cambridge.
He started his career in agricultural side. In he entered into polities for the. Oliver Cromwell: Oliver Cromwell, English soldier and statesman, who led parliamentary forces in the English Civil Wars and was lord protector of England, Scotland, and Ireland (–58) during the republican Commonwealth.
Learn more about the life and accomplishments of Cromwell in this article.