Donors Guidelines Eligibilities Any donor, who is healthy, fit and not suffering from any transmittable diseases can donate blood. Donor must be 18 years age and having a minimum weight of 50Kg can donate blood.
The donors were mostly government employees and people from the Anglo-Indian community who donated blood for a humanitarian cause. The number of voluntary donors declined after the war and donors had to be paid for the blood. The s saw many blood banks open in different cities. Under his stewardship inJ.
Jollythe president of the Indian Society of Blood Transfusion and Immunohaematology declared October 1 as the National Voluntary Blood Donation Day, which has been observed throughout the country ever since. Subsequently, the National AIDS Control Programme was launched which led to drastic improvements in patient screening and hygienic transfusion procedures.
A public interest litigation was filed in the Supreme court in to abolish the practice of selling blood which became effective on 1 January Guidelines laid down by the Ministry of HealthGovernment of India have to be followed by blood banks and organizations conducting blood donation camps.
Pulse rate - Between 50 and without irregularities. Hemoglobin level- A minimum of Blood pressure - Diastolic: Body temperature - Should be normal, with an oral temperature not exceeding The time period between successive blood donations should be more than 3 months.
Individuals under certain conditions are deemed ineligible to donate blood: Individuals suffering from ailments like cardiac arresthypertensionblood pressure, cancerepilepsykidney ailments and diabetes.
Individuals who have undergone immunization in the past 1 month. Individuals treated for rabies or received Hepatitis B vaccine in the past 6 months.
A person who has consumed alcohol in the past 24 hours. Women who are pregnant or breastfeeding. Individuals who have undergone major dental procedures or general surgeries in the past 1 month. Women who have had miscarriage in the past 6 months. Individuals who have had fitstuberculosisasthma and allergic disorders in the past.
Regulatory mechanisms[ edit ] Human blood is covered under the definition of drug under the Drugs and Cosmetics Act, Blood bank activities are regulated under this act and they are required to obtain timely renewal of the license from Drug Controller General for operation and have to comply with the terms presented in the license.
It specifies about accommodation, manpower, equipment, supplies and reagents, good manufacturing practices, and process control to be followed in Indian blood transfusion services.
Following a public interest litigation, a verdict by the supreme court in the case of Common Cause vs. It documents the strategies for making available adequate resources, technology and training for improving transfusion services apart from outlining methods for donor motivation and appropriate clinical use of blood by clinicians.
It has also taken steps for research and development in transfusion medicine. Some major organizations operate in many regions throughout the country while other are regional and operate with local support. Along with conducting blood donation camps, these organizations also raise awareness on voluntary blood donation and public health.
Most of the organizations have an online portal where donors can register their details and get updates when camps are organized. Some of the major organizations that conduct blood donation camps are enlisted below.
Part of the Rotary Internationalit is one of the largest blood donation organizations and operate camps throughout the country through their regional branches. BloodConnect Foundation[ edit ] BloodConnect was founded in by the students of IIT Delhi, and is now the largest youth run non profit in the field of blood donation in India.
Khoon Organization[ edit ] Khoon Organization was established in Based in Bengaluru and operating across India, it is the first organization in the field of blood donation to have a running blood helpline service in the northeast of India.
It is based in Bengaluru and operates blood donation camps in the state of Karnataka. Initially started in Goa inthe organization conducts blood donation camps in many states. It was established in and conducts blood donation camps across the state.
Other Blood Donor Networks[ edit ] Apart from governmental and non-governmental organizations, major hospitals in the country have their own blood banks where blood donation is conducted within the facility.
Issues in blood donation[ edit ] Despite a huge population, the demand-supply gap for blood units persists in many healthcare facilities in the country. According to a report by the World Health Organization, only 9 million blood units are available annually, whereas the demand is 12 million units.Blood donation is a simple four-step process: registration, medical history and mini-physical, donation and refreshments.
Every blood donor is given a mini-physical, checking the donor's temperature, blood pressure, pulse and hemoglobin to ensure it is safe for the donor to give blood.
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Prathama Blood Centre is an endeavor of Advanced Transfusion Medicine Research Foundation (ATMRF) established to modernize blood banking in India.
India, like many countries, has a shortage of safe blood. There aren’t enough people donating blood to meet the demand of people who need it. In some cases, this shortage leads to patients and their family being responsible for finding donors to replace blood in the blood banks or hospitals.
This. Liver transplantation can be possible from two types of liver donors. Cadaveric Liver Donation & Living Liver Donation in India. All the donors in the author's series of patients have led a normal life after liver donation. India has a serious black market blood problem — and local experts fear Facebook's well-meaning blood donation tool could make the problem worse.