Understanding the definitions of Greek root words and how they are used in the English language will help you tremendously. If you recognize the Greek root words and know what they mean, you'll be able to figure out the definitions of new words, even if you've never seen them before or see them out of context. English is based off Latin and Greek, so these root words are the building blocks of our language. Greek root words make up much of our medical and scientific language, so you'll find these root words particularly helpful if you're going into one of those two fields.
Examining the multiple meanings for "root": Display the Visual Thesaurus word web for "root" on the white board and scroll through the noun "meanings" in the meaning list on the right-hand side of the screen. Ask students to identify the meanings for "root" in the list that would apply to the usage of "root" in the following sentence: However, push students to consider associated meanings of the word "root" that could also apply figuratively to the study of a language-such as the botanical, dental or mathematical meanings.
How can the "roots" of a language be compared to these kinds of foundational "roots"? Explain to students that today they will also be applying the meaning of "root" that refers to "the place where something begins" and will therefore be discovering some of the ancient Greek and Latin roots that long ago contributed to the formation of English words that they now encounter in their everyday lives.
Have students list VT definitions for these four words in their corresponding bubbles.
Draw a similar concept map for "bene" on the front board and elicit definitions for the four "bene" words in the outer bubbles. Establish that the Latin root "bene" means "good or well" and that students could infer that meaning based on the definitions for benefactor, benevolent, benediction, and benefit that they found on the VT i.
If you have ESL students in your class that speak a Latin-based language, they can contribute to the discussion by offering related "bene" words from their home languages. Determining the meanings of some common Greek and Latin roots: If possible, organize the class into small groups so that the number of students in each group matches the number of total groups.
In other words, if you have 25 students total, create five groups of five students each; or if you have 36 students total, create six groups of six students each; etc.
Explain to the class that each group will receive a blank concept map see the "Words Containing Ancient Greek and Latin Roots" page [ click here to download] and a list of four words that contain a common ancient Greek or Latin root.
Distribute blank concept maps to each group and hand each group a slip of paper or index card with a list of four related words written on it see the "The Ancient Root Sharing knowledge of "roots" through a jigsaw approach: Reconfigure the small groups in the class so that each new group is formed with an "expert" representative from each of the prior groups.
While individual students are presenting their root meanings and word definitions, their new fellow group members should take notes on the presentations. By the end of the class period, the entire class should have mastered all the assigned root meanings and word definitions.
At this point, you could distribute the "Words Containing Ancient Greek or Latin Roots" sheets and challenge students to complete the sections of the sheet that pertain to the roots originally assigned to the first set of groups.
Combining roots to create original words: For example, a "microcosm" is a small world since the word is derived from "micros" small and "cosmos" world. List these additional roots on the board. Challenge students to create original words using some of the roots discussed in class in conjunction with one another or with another root they know or discover on-line e.
For example, a student might come up with "microphobia" to express a fear of small things. Students should share their words with the class and then use the VT to verify if their words are truly original or if some other wordsmith beat them to the punch. For example, if students discover through the VT that a philanthropist is "someone who makes charitable donations intended to increase human well-being," then it will also make sense to learn that a philanthropist "loves mankind" from the Greek roots: Uses the general skills and strategies of the reading process Level II Grades 4.
Uses phonetic and structural analysis techniques, syntactic structure, and semantic context to decode unknown words e. Uses word reference materials e. Uses word origins and derivations to understand word meaning e. Uses a variety of strategies to extend reading vocabulary e.
Extends general and specialized reading vocabulary e. Uses listening and speaking strategies for different purposes Level II Grades 7. Makes basic oral presentations to class e. Understands that language reflects different regions and cultures e.
Plays a variety of roles in group discussions e. Makes oral presentations to the class e. Makes formal presentations to the class e.Greek and Latin Root Worksheets by Deb Hanson.
Lucky Numbers Directions: Read each sentence. Circle the word that contains a Greek or Latin number root. Write the root on the child’s sign. Write the number represented by that root on each child’s two words that sound that same; have different meanings-mono means_____ monosyllable.
Many parts of words in English can trace their origins to Latin. Learning to recognize and understand these root words can help you better understand and decipher new words in English. Connect the meaning of roots with words in this matching activity. Root Word Dictionary is the largest online dictionary of word roots.
Here, you'll find the meanings of all the Greek and Latin root words commonly used in constructing biological and medical terminology. The English Language has borrowed a lot of it's root words from other languages like Greek and Latin.
Many English words use the original meaning of the roots. Over a period of time meanings of some of the roots has changed with usage.
Many parts of words in English can trace their origins to Latin. Learning to recognize and understand these root words can help you better understand and decipher new words in English. Connect the meaning of roots with words in this matching activity.
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