Philosophy and the proof of God's existence One of the most far-reaching consequences of the rationalism of the Enlightenment was the undermining of basic Christian faith among the educated classes.
The effect was unintended because the project of many Enlightenment philosophers was to prove the existence of God using reason: There are many traditional "proofs" for the existence Philosophy on god God, and we will look at three of them: The argument from design, the ontological argument and the cosmological argument.
If you found a clock and examined the mechanism within it, you would probably think that this intricate mechanism was not the outcome of mere chance, that it had been designed.
Now look at the universe; is it possible that such an intricate mechanism, from the orbits of planets round the sun to the cells in your fingernails could all have happened by chance?
Surely, this enormously complex mechanism has been designed, and the being that designed it must be God. As He is most perfect, He must have all perfections.
If God lacked existence He would not be perfect, as He is perfect he must exist. However, there must at some time have been a cause prior to all other causes. This first cause is God.
His argument goes something like this: God either exists or he does not. If we believe in God and he exists, we will be rewarded with eternal bliss in heaven. If we believe in God and he does not exist then at worst all we have forgone is a few sinful pleasures.
If we do not believe in God and he does exist we may enjoy a few sinful pleasures, but we may face eternal damnation. If we do not believe in God and he does not exist then our sins will not be punished. Would any rational gambler think that the experience of a few sinful pleasures is worth the risk of eternal damnation?
Kant Kant attempted to show how philosophy could prove the existence of God. Unfortunately, for him his previous work showed that we could not know reality directly as thing-in-itself. What is real in itself is beyond our experience. Even if God exists, we can not know God as he really is.
For Kant the Christian could have faith in God, and this faith would be consonant with reason and the categorical imperative. Given that human beings have the autonomy to create moral values, it would not be irrational to believe in a God who gives purpose to the moral realm.
For Hegel God is immanent and when we have understood that history is the process of Geist coming to know itself it appears that we are all part of Geist, or God. Feuerbach and Marx For Feuerbach and Marx religion is seen as the projection of the human essence onto an ideal: God does not make man.
Marx also sees that religion is part of an ideological view that encourages the oppressed to accept their fate. It is the opium of the people. The call to abandon their illusions about their condition is a call to abandon a condition which requires illusions.
However Kierkegaard did not think that it was rational to believe in God, rather one should have faith in God even if this seems to reason to be absurd. To put it another way reason has no place in faith.
God is beyond reason. Kierkegaard is regarded as the first existentialist.
Why, did he get lost? Did he lose his way like a child? Or is he hiding?Philosophy, God and Motion (Routledge Radical Orthodoxy) and millions of other books are available for Amazon Kindle.
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If, for example, I am already dedicated to the philosophical idea that nothing can exist outside of the natural realm (i.e. there can be no supernatural God), no amount of evidence could convince me otherwise.
God - a word about which, if it is to be a meaningful word and not a nonsense word - is all about faith. As such, it is not about philosophy, metaphysics.
logic, reason, . Philosophy of religion covers alternative beliefs about God (or gods), the varieties of religious experience, the interplay between science and religion, the nature and scope of good and evil, and religious treatments of birth, history, and death.
The renaissance of Christian philosophy has been accompanied by a resurgence of interest in natural theology – that branch of theology which seeks to prove God’s existence without appeal to the resources of authoritative divine revelation – for instance, through philosophical argument. All of the traditional philosophical arguments for.
The existence of God is a subject of debate in the philosophy of religion and popular culture.  A wide variety of arguments for and against the existence of God can be categorized as metaphysical, logical, empirical, or subjective.