The Religion of the Easily Offended and the people who accommodate it Politicians try to win elections without hurting anyone's feelings. One way to do that, in the 21st century, is to claim that "Islam is a religion of peace.
Either the universe had a beginning or it did not. If it did, either that beginning was caused or it was not caused. If it was caused, either the cause was personal or it was impersonal.
Based on these dilemmas, the argument can be put in the following logical form: Whatever begins to exist has a cause of its existence. The universe began to exist.
Therefore, the universe has some kind of cause of its existence. The cause of the universe is either an impersonal cause or a personal one. The cause of the universe is not impersonal.
Therefore, the cause of the universe is a personal one, which we call God. This version of the cosmological argument was bolstered by work in astrophysics and cosmology in the late twentieth century. On one interpretation of the standard Big Bang cosmological model, the time-space universe sprang into existence ex nihilo approximately Such a beginning is best explained, argue kalam defenders, by a non-temporal, non-spatial, personal, transcendent cause—namely God.
|Bertand Russell's "Why I Am Not a Christian"||From natural philosophy to theories of method Philosophy and natural science The history of philosophy is intertwined with the history of the natural sciences.|
The claim that the universe began to exist is also argued philosophically in at least two ways. First, it is argued that an actual infinite set of events cannot exist, for actual infinities lead to metaphysical absurdities.
Since an infinite temporal regress of events is an actual infinite set of events, such a regress is metaphysically impossible. So the past cannot be infinite; the universe must have had a temporal beginning. A second approach begins by arguing that an infinite series of events cannot be formed by successive addition one member being added to another.
The reason why is that, when adding finite numbers one after the other, the set of numbers will always be finite. The addition of yet another finite number, ad infinitum, will never lead to an actual infinite.
Since the past is a series of temporal events formed by successive addition, the past could not be actually infinite in duration.
Nor will the future be so. The universe must have had a beginning. Many objections have been raised against the kalam argument, both scientific and philosophical, including that there are other cosmological models of the universe besides the Big Bang in which the universe is understood to be eternal, such as various multi-verse theories.
Philosophical rebuttals marshaled against the kalam argument include the utilization of set theory and mathematical systems which employ actual infinite sets. Teleological Arguments Teleological arguments in the East go back as far as C.
In the West, Plato, Aristotle, and the Stoics offered arguments for a directing intelligence of the world given the order found within it.
There is an assortment of teleological arguments, but a common theme among them is the claim that certain characteristics of the natural world reflect design, purpose, and intelligence. These features of the natural world are then used as evidence for an intelligent, intentional designer of the world.
The teleological argument has been articulated and defended at various times and places throughout history, but its zenith was in the early nineteenth century with perhaps its most ardent defender:My.
Dear Soul, you are welcome. to. The Epistemologic Works “Pilate therefore went into the. hall again, and called Jesus, and said to him: ‘Art thou the king of the Jews?’. Does religion help people cope with everyday worries?
Abandon religion as 'a fact is a fact' and the revelation that the dogma they have been taught is . Religion is provably man's invention and man makes his religion to be in proportion to his level of development.
The Islamic culture for example is a little more barbaric than western cultures and that's obviously why the Islamic religion is also more barbaric. Violence, crime, ignorance, moral ineptitude and sexual abuse: The long list of religious atrocities should be enough for us to abandon our respect for religion.
Religion and Humanism, The Sophists to Secular Humanism. He says somewhere that man is the measure of all things, of the existing, that they are, and of the non-existing, that they are not. Islam (/ ˈ ɪ s l ɑː m /) is an Abrahamic monotheistic religious group teaching that there is only one God and that Muhammad is the messenger of God.
It is the world's second-largest religion and with over billion followers (or % of the world's population), most commonly known as Muslims.
Muslims make up a majority of the population in 50 countries.