Environment Algal blooms can reduce the ability of fish and other aquatic life to find food and can cause entire populations to leave an area or even die. Harmful algal blooms cause thick, green muck that impacts clear water, recreation, businesses and property values.
According to National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration NOAAthere are four main ways oil pollution occurs, and man-made causes account for more than half of it. Included here are the small and major oil spills that people usually associate with ocean pollution.
Oil is dangerous to marine life in several ways. According to the NOAAif fur-bearing mammals or birds get oil on their fur or feathers, they may not fly or move properly, maintain body temperature, or feed.
The oil washes up on beaches and contaminates nesting areas and feeding grounds. As marine mammals try to clean themselves, they may ingest oil which can poison them. Fish can also get contaminated from oil residues and become unfit for human consumption, according to the University of Delaware and Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment.
Coral Reef Impact Oil may impact coral reefs in a negative way. These reefs are not only beautiful, they provide a habitat for many sea creatures.
NOAA indicates the impact of oil on coral reefs is difficult to predict. Oil also clogs up the gills of the fish that live there and suffocates them. When oil floats on the surface, it blocks sunlight and prevents marine plants from using light for photosynthesis.
These plants are important parts of the food chain and the reef habitats found in the oceans. Toxic Materials Toxic materials are a side effect of modern living.
Toxic pollution sources, according to MarineBio, include: Industry waste Radioactive waste from power plants, nuclear dumps, and nuclear submarines Fertilizers and manure waste Household cleaning products Pollutants find their way into the ocean and sink to the bottom.
Bottom feeding organisms ingest these chemicals and contaminates the food chain. The smaller fish is eaten by the larger fish, which is then eaten by a human. Toxins build up in the tissues of the people who eat the contaminated fish and may lead to illnesses like cancer, reproductive disorders, birth defects, and other long-term health problems.
Fertilizers, sewage, and household waste loaded with phosphorus and nitrogen cause nutrient pollution points out Environmental Protection Agency EPA that cause dead zones in seas. Trash and Other Debris Plastic bagsballoons, medical waste, soda cans, and milk cartons all find their way into the oceans of the world.
These items float in the water and wash up on beaches. According to the WWF, marine debris creates health hazards for marine life. Ocean mammals get entangled in old nets and drown because they cannot get to the surface for air.
Birds, turtles, and fish ingest a variety of plastic items, especially micro-beads and their digestive systems become clogged, reports The Guardian.
Sea turtles are attracted to floating plastic bags which appear to be jellyfish, one of their favorite treats. The plastic bags block their digestive system and cause a slow and painful death.Plastics pollution has a direct and deadly effect on wildlife.
Thousands of seabirds and sea turtles, seals and other marine mammals are killed each year after ingesting plastic or getting entangled in it.
The Effects: Environment Algal blooms can reduce the ability of fish and other aquatic life to find food and can cause entire populations to leave an area or even die. Harmful algal blooms cause thick, green muck that impacts clear .
Various Pollutants. There are many of types of ocean pollutants that endanger marine life. Some of them are more obvious than others, but all contribute to an unhealthy ocean and .
What is Ocean Pollution? Oceans are the largest water bodies on the planet Earth. Over the last few decades, surplus human activities have severely affected the marine life on the Earth's oceans. Ocean pollution, also known as marine pollution, is the spreading of harmful substances such as oil, plastic, industrial and agricultural waste and chemical particles into the ocean.
The Problem Nutrient pollution explained Too much nitrogen and phosphorus in the water can have diverse and far-reaching impacts on public health, the .
Water pollution effects on marine life are a trending issue in terms of environmental concerns. Water pollution affects humans. It affects terrestrial organisms.